Saturday, June 2, 2012

The Ancestors of Richard Vaughan, Bishop of London (d. 1607)

(Blog editor note: You can view my ancestors tree on at

My 11th great grandfather through my Mallory line was a very special person - Right Rev. Richard Vaughan, D.D., the Bishop of London.

He was born in Nyffryn, Llandudwen, Carnarvonshire, Wales ca. 1550, and died of apoplexy on 30 March 1607. He is buried in Bishop Kemp's Chapel, St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England.

His father was Thomas ap Robert Fychan of Nyffryn, Llyn, Caernarvonshire. He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1574, MA in 1577, and DD in 1589. He became chaplain to John Aylmer, Bishop of London, in 1577 who is said to have been a relative.

Instituted to the rectory of Chipping Ongar, Essex, 22 Apr. 1578 (resigned Apr. 1581); to the rectory of Little Canfield, Essex, 24 Nov. 1580 (resigned Jan. 1590/1); collated to the prebend of Holborn in St. Paul's Cathedral, 18 Nov. 1583 (resigned 1595); to the Archdeaconry of Middlesex, 26 Oct. 1588 (resigned 1596); instituted to the rectory of Moreton, Essex, 19 Aug. 1591; collated to the vicarage of Great Dunmow, Essex, 19 Feb. 1591/2; admitted to the canonry of Combe in Wells Cathedral, 1593; instituted to the rectory of Lutterworth, Leicestershire (date of preferment unknown); to the rectory of Stanford Rivers, Essex, 1594; elected Bishop of Bangor, 22 Nov. 1595 (consecrated 25 Jan. 1595/6); collated to the Archdeaconry of Anglesey, 1596; translated to the bishopric of Chester 23 Apr. 1597 (enthroned 10 Nov.); instituted to the rectory of Bangor-ys-coed, Flintshire, 1597 (resigned 1604); promoted to the bishopric of London by King James VI & I on 8 Dec. 1604 (enthroned 26 Dec.). He assisted William Morgan, Bishop of Llandaff [WG2: Nefydd 1 (A)], in his translation of the Bible into Welsh.

His views were Calvinist, and he signed and is presumed to have had input into the Lambeth Articles of 1595. He licensed in 1606 the translation of the work Institutiones Theologicae of the Reformed theologian Guillaume Du Buc (Gulielmus Bucanus) of Lausanne, carried out by Robert Hill. As Bishop of London he was generally sympathetic to moderate Puritan clergy; but he did take action in suspending Stephen Egerton.

His complete Welsh ancestry can be seen at

Sources: ODNB;PACF 243; OC I:76, I:126, I:146; Dictionary of National Biography [London: Smith, Elder, 1885-1900], LVIII: 170-171; Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig hyd 1940 paratowyd dan nawdd Anrhydeddus Gymdeithas Y Cymmrodorion [Llundain, 1953], p. 944; DWB 1005; George Ormerod, The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, Second edition (revised by Thomas Helsby) [London: Routledge, 1882], I: 99 and 173-174; Charles Henry Cooper and Thompson Cooper, Athenae Cantabrigienses [Cambridge: Deighton, Bell, 1858-1913], II: 450-452;Alumni Cantabrigienses, compiled by John Venn and John Archibald Venn, Part I (to 1751) [Cambridge: University Press, 1922-1927], IV: 295; Rev. Robert Williams, Enwogion Cymru (A Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Welshmen) [Llandovery, William Rees, 1852], pp. 509-510; Joseph Foster, Alumni Oxoniensis, Early Series (1500-1714) [Oxford: Parker & Co., 1891-1892], p. 1537; Rev. Rupert H. Morris, Chester (Diocesan Histories) [London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1895], pp. 150-156;Archaeologia Cambrensis I (1846): 369-370; the ODNB says that "a virtually impenetrable hagiography in Latin by his kinsman John Williams, Archbishop of York [d. 1650], survives in manuscript (BL, Harley MS 6495, art. 6)". Bishop Vaughan bore the arms "Sable, a chevron between three fleurdelys, argent" (Rev. William Kirkpatrick Riland Bedford, The Blazon of Episcopacy [Oxford: Clarendon, 1897], p. 87 and plate XLIV). Engraved portraits of Bishop Vaughan appear in Henry Holland, Herologia Anglica [London: Impensis C. Passaei, 1620], at p. 231 (see also pp. 232-233), and in D. Pauli Freheri, Theatrum Virorum Eruditione Clarorum [Noribergae: Hofmanni, 1688], facing p. 324 (see also pp. 342-343). Bishop Vaughan married (25 June 1581 at Great Dunmow, Essex) Jane Bewers, and had nine children.

The line of descendent from Rev. Vaughan to me is as follows:

1. Right Rev. Richard Vaughan D.D. (1550 - 1607) my 11th great grandfather
2. Elizabeth Vaughan ( - 1665) Daughter of Right Rev. Richard
3. Rev. Thomas Mallory B.D (1605 - 1671) Son of Elizabeth
4. Capt. Roger Mallory (1630 - 1697) Son of Rev. Thomas
5. Thomas Mallory (1674 - 1750) Son of Roger
6. Phillip Mallory (1715 - 1811) Son of Thomas
7. William Mallory (1758 - 1825) Son of Phillip
8. Major John H. Mallory (1789 - 1850)Son of William
9. Dr. William Wesley Mallory (1830 - 1870) Son of John H.
10. Mattie Parry Mallory (1866 - 1942) Daughter of Dr. William Wesley
11. Willie Law Van Horn (1885 - 1960) Son of Mattie Parry
12. Witt Lange Van Horn (1911 - 1982) Son of Willie Law
13. Warner Lee Van Horn Son of Witt Lange
14. William Larry Van Horn (Me)